Articles Sightseeing Cairo University

Cairo University
Former names
Egyptian University
Fuad I University

Type    Public
Established:    1908; 112 years ago
President:    Mohammed Othman Al Khasht

Administrative staff: 12,158
Students    231,584
Location    Giza City, Giza, Egypt
30.02760°N 31.21014°ECoordinates: 30.02760°N 31.21014°E
Campus    Urban
Affiliations    UNIMED
Website    cu.edu.eg/

Cairo University
Cairo University (Arabic: جامعة القاهرة‎, romanized: Gām‘et El Qāhira), known as the Egyptian University from 1908 to 1940, and King Fuad I University from 1940 to 1952, is Egypt's premier public university. Its main campus is in Giza, immediately across the Nile from Cairo. It was founded on 21 December 1908;[1] however, after being housed in various parts of Cairo, its faculties, beginning with the Faculty of Arts, were established on its current main campus in Giza in October 1929. It is the second oldest institution of higher education in Egypt after Al Azhar University, notwithstanding the pre-existing higher professional schools that later became constituent colleges of the university. It was founded and funded as the Egyptian University by a committee of private citizens with royal patronage in 1908 and became a state institution under King Fuad I in 1925.[2] In 1940, four years following his death, the University was renamed King Fuad I University in his honor. It was renamed a second time after the Egyptian revolution of 1952.[1] The University currently enrolls approximately 155,000 students in 20 faculties and 3 institutions.[3][4] It counts three Nobel Laureates among its graduates and is one of the 50 largest institutions of higher education in the world by enrollment.

Concerning the faculty of Engineering, In 2006, the college began implementing the credit hour system in specialties: Construction Engineering , Computer and Telecommunications engineering

In 2007, more programs were developed: mechanical design engineering, architecture engineering and construction technology and petrochemical engineering.Following in 2008, Construction Engineering program was introduced.In 2009, the Water and Environmental Engineering Program was implemented.

1    History
2    Foundation
3    Challenges to foundation
4    Faculties
5    Ranking
6    Structure
7    New Central Library
8    Notable alumni
8.1    Nobel Laureates
9    See also
10    References
11    External links
The university was founded on 21 December 1908, as the result of an effort to establish a national center for higher education. Several constituent colleges preceded the establishment of the university including the College of Engineering (كلية الهندسة) in 1816, which was shut down by the Khedive of Egypt and Sudan, Sa'id Pasha, in 1854. Cairo University was founded as a European-inspired civil university, in contrast to the religious university of Al Azhar, and became the prime indigenous model for other state universities. In 1928, the first group of female students enrolled at the university.[5]

At the turn of the century, Egyptian intellectuals and public figures began making calls to establish an Egyptian institute of higher education to provide a modern, professional education to Egyptians. Armenian bureaucrat Yaqub Artin made the first known published reference to establishing an Egyptian university in 1894. In a report, he suggested "the existing higher professional schools could well provide the basis for a university."[6] These higher schools included the School of Management and Languages, established in 1868 (which became the School of Law in 1886), the School of Irrigation and Construction (known as the School of Engineering) in 1866, Dar al-Ulum in 1872, the School of Agriculture in 1867 and the School of Antiquities 1869.[7]

Syrian journalist Jurji Zaydan called for an "Egyptian college school" (madrasa kulliya misriyya) in 1900 in his monthly magazine Al-Hilal. He provided two models for this institute of higher education: the Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College at Aligarh, India, which delivered a Western-style education in the English language, or the Syrian Protestant College (now the American University of Beirut) in Beirut, run by American missionaries.[8] The new school would provide an alternative to the student missions to Europe begun under Muhammad Ali. Controversy surrounding Zaydan’s publications would later prevent him from taking a teaching post at the University.[9] A number of other prominent Egyptians played a role in the university's foundation. A collection of large landowners, bureaucrats, members of the royal family, and journalists, lawyers, and school teachers including Mustafa Kamil, disciples of Muhammad Abduh such as Qasim Amin and Saad Zaghlul, and eventually Khedive Abbas II and Prince Ahmad Fu’ad I became involved. As Donald M. Reid writes, "Royalist partisans stressed Fu'ad's founding role, Watanists pointed out Mustafa Kamil's call for a university, and Wafdists emphasized the contributions of Saad Zaghlul, Muhammad Abduh, and Qasim Amin."

Wealthy Egyptians began to independently pledge funds to the establishment of a university as early as 1905. Following the Dinshaway incident, Mustafa Kamil al-Ghamrawi, a wealthy notable from Beni Suef, pledged 500 Egyptian pounds towards a university in September 1906. Mustafa Kamil published a call for supplementary funds, while Saad Zaghlul and Qasim Amin arranged a meeting attended by Muhammad Farid and 23 other prominent Egyptians. The members of the meeting founded a committee with Zaghlul as vice-president and Amin as secretary, and all but three pledged at least 100 Egyptian pounds towards the university. However, splinters quickly emerged between the Watanists, the disciples of Abduh and the Royalists, leaving the project in the hands of the Palace.[10] By the time of its establishment in 1908, Prince Fuad I was the rector and only one of the men who had met in 1906 remained in the committee.

Concerning the faculty of engineering In 2006, the college began implementing the credit hour system by launching the following programs: construction engineering, Computer and telecommunications engineering.

In 2007 programs that were developed: mechanical design engineering, architecture engineering and construction technology and petrochemical engineering.

In 2008, it introduced a program: Construction Engineering.

In 2009, it introduced the Water and Environmental Engineering Program.

Challenges to foundation
The British, particularly Lord Cromer, had continually opposed the establishment of such a university. Only a year after his departure from Egypt, under Sir Eldon Gorst, was the Egyptian University finally established. The Egyptian educational system remained woefully underdeveloped under British rule.[11] Two decades after occupation, education received less than 1 percent of the state budget. Cromer publicly stated that free public education was not an appropriate policy for a nation such as Egypt, although the funds were found to regenerate the law school in Cairo so Egyptians didn't have to go abroad to obtain legal degrees during Sir John Scott's time as Judicial Advisor to the Khedive.[12] Donald M. Reid speculates that this was due to fear that European-style education would create political unrest or foment opposition to British rule. Cromer also opposed providing financial aid to the university after the private committee began to pursue the matter independently of the British.

In its early years, the university did not have a campus but rather advertised lectures in the press. Lectures would be held in various palaces and conference halls. After a grand opening ceremony in 1908, it remained on financial insecure footing for a number of years, nearly collapsing during World War I. Upon its founding in 1908, the Egyptian University had a women’s section but this was closed in 1912. Women were first readmitted to the arts faculty in 1928.[13]

Problems during this period also included a lack of professional faculty to fulfill the founders’ educational vision. There were simply no Egyptians with doctoral degrees, the ability to teach in Arabic and a familiarity with Western literature in their fields with whom to fill professorial posts.[14] Thus European Orientalists who lectured in classical Arabic filled many posts until the 1930s. The university also sent its own students on educational missions to obtain the necessary training. First, the university hired Italians Carlo Nallino, David Santillana and Ignazio Guidi, due to King Fuad I’s connections with Italy. Following the departure of the Italians after the invasion of Libya, French orientalists Gaston Wiet and Louis Massignon took up posts on the faculty. The Germans and British were less represented.

In 1925, the university was re-founded and expanded as a state institution under Fuad I. The liberal arts college (kulliyat al-adab) of 1908 was joined with the schools of law and medicine, and a new faculty of science was added. Ahmed Lutfi al-Sayyid became the first president.


Cairo faculty of engineering
Faculty of Engineering
Faculty of Medicine
Faculty of Computers and Information System
Faculty of Pharmacology
Faculty of Agriculture
Faculty of Science
Faculty of Economics and Political Science
Faculty of Mass Communication
Faculty of Archaeology
Faculty of Arts
Faculty of Commerce
Faculty of Specialized Education
Faculty of Nursing
Faculty of Law
Faculty of Physiotherapy
Faculty of Oral and Dental Medicine
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Faculty of Dar El-Ulum
Faculty of Kindergarten
Faculty of Regional and Urban Planning[4]
University rankings
Global – Overall
ARWU World[citation needed]    401-500
QS World[15]    481-490
Cairo University is usually ranked among the top universities in Egypt, and one of the top universities in Africa.

In QS ranking 2018 Cairo University was ranked the 2nd in Egypt, it was rated the 7th across Africa, and it was rated 481-490 worldwide.

In the ARWU 2017 ranking the university was ranked 1st in Egypt and it was the only Egyptian university in the ranking. It was rated 401-500 worldwide.

In 2020, University Subject Rankings 2020 in faculty of Engineering - Electrical and Electronic is the 151-200 Top universities

In 2020, University Subject Rankings 2020 - Architecture is the 151-200 Top universities

Cairo University includes a School of Law and a School of Medicine. The Medical School, also known as Kasr Alaini (القصر العيني, Qasr-el-'Ayni), was one of the first medical schools in Africa and the Middle East. Its first building was donated by Alaini Pasha. It has since undergone extensive expansion. The first president of Cairo University, then known as the Egyptian University, was Professor Ahmed Lutfi el-Sayed, who served from 1925 to 1941.[16]

Saad Zaghloul.
New Central Library
A new Central Library is planned.[17]

Notable alumni
Main article: List of Cairo University alumni

Yasser Arafat, 1956

Mohamed ElBaradei, 1962

Naguib Mahfouz, 1934
Husayn Fawzi Alnajjar, historian, political scientist, and strategist
Said Ashour, professor of history
Mohamed Atalla, engineer, inventor of MOSFET (MOS field-effect transistor), pioneer in silicon semiconductors and security systems, founder of Atalla Corporation[18]
Naima Ilyas al-Ayyubi, first female lawyer in Egypt[19]
Gamal Aziz, also known as Gamal Mohammed Abdelaziz, Egyptian former President and Chief Operating Officer of Wynn Resorts, and former CEO of MGM Resorts International, indicted as part of the 2019 college admissions bribery scandal
Hisham Barakat, assassinated Prosecutor General of Egypt
Boutros Boutros-Ghali, sixth Secretary-General of the United Nations (UN) 1992–1996
Eli Cohen, Israeli Mossad spy that infiltrated the highest echelons of Syrian Government and instrumental in Israeli success in the Six Day War and other successes
Taher Elgamal, designer of the ElGamal encryption system and considered "Father of SSL"
Wael Ghonim, Egyptian activist and figure of the Egyptian Revolution of 2011
Saddam Hussein, former president of Iraq
Adly Mansour, Chief Justice of the Supreme Constitutional Court of Egypt
Mohamed Morsi, deposed President of Egypt
Amr Moussa, Secretary-General of the Arab League 2001–2011, and president of the Egyptian constitution amendment committee in 2013
Omar Sharif, actor, nominated for an Academy Award and has won three Golden Globe Awards
Magdi Yacoub, professor of cardiothoracic surgery at Imperial College London
Mohamed Shaker El-Markabi, Minister of Electricity and Renewable Energy
Ayman al-Zawahiri, former practicing surgeon in the Egyptian Army, current leader of the militant organisation al-Qaeda[20][21]
Nobel Laureates
Naguib Mahfouz, Nobel Prize for Literature in 1988
Yasser Arafat, Nobel Peace Prize in 1994
Mohamed ElBaradei, Nobel Peace Prize in 2005